Reading Comprehension Strategy 2: Questioning

Reading Comprehension Strategy 2: Questioning

Who? What? Where? When? Why? Asking questions is a normal procedure for finding out about the world, and proficient readers carry a questioning attitude into their reading.

The strategy of questioning involves an almost constant generation of questions that a reader raises internally while engaged in understanding a text. Some questions target important information; these questions help a reader to identify significant details, to follow the elements of a plot in a story, to get the facts.

Other questions help a reader take stock of the reading process; they monitor comprehension.
– Did this passage make sense to me?
– What should I be on the lookout for in this next passage?
And some questions are directed toward the writer of a text.
– What does this author seem to think is most important?
– Why is the author telling me this now?

Teacher with StudentsThese questions create almost an inner dialogue between the reader and the writer of a text.

Harvey and Goudvis (2000) argue that it is useful during instruction to help children learn to categorize questions. Some common questions asked by readers include:
Questions that have answers provided in the text.
Questions that force a reader to make connections with background knowledge and experiences (See Strategy 1: Making Connections strategy- text-to-world section).
Questions that force a reader to “read between the lines” and use clues provided by the author to infer an answer.
Questions that can be answered after discussion with others.
Questions that go “beyond the page” and require further investigation and research to answer.
Questions that signal confusion or cue the reader to seek clarification.
Questions that are open-ended and do not have set answers.
Questions which cause us to wonder and to speculate.
The questioning strategy involves children becoming self-questioners, as opposed to others providing comprehension questions for them to answer. Self-questioning is an attribute of independent learners, in contrast to children who read only to answer questions from a worksheet or listed by a textbook author. As a result, some children may become overly dependent on the teacher or a worksheet exercise for relevant questions that can be asked about a specific text. The questioning reading strategy emphasizes that children need to be taught how to pose good questions themselves rather than how to find answers to questions posed by others.

The following teaching/learning activities can help children learn the reading strategy of questioning:
KWL and  SMART
Question/Answer Relationships -QAR
Question the Author
I Charts
Math Keys
Question Dissection
Essential Questions
Reciprocal Teaching