Reading Comprehension Strategies for GED Students

Comprehensive Reading is a very important skill for all students but it’s very challenging for GED candidates who didn’t attend school for some time. BestGEDClasses.org is a website that offers online classes and prepares students for the GED test. They identified six key reading strategies that help students develop their comprehension abilities.

Here we’ll take a closer look at these six strategies, and each one is a great help for students. These 6 strategies are:

    • Questioning
    • Visualizing
    • Inferring
    • Making Connections
    • Determining Importance
    • Synthesizing

All these strategies are important for comprehension, and they are representing the active mindsets that children need to assume if they want to become effective learners and readers. The steps required to teach these strategies are involving clear instruction.

The second instruction phase involves guided practice. Students and teacher are working together when they are using a comprehension strategy for understanding a portion of a text. During this guided practice, the students are assisted by the teacher when they try to give meaning to the text, and the teacher provides advice and feedback. The students will feel stimulated to verbalize what and how they think, so the use of that specific strategy becomes apparent, and students will understand what they try to accomplish.

The third instruction phase includes independent practice. The students must now try to use the strategy themselves. They must record their thinking and findings in their journals or on sticky notes so they can track the proceedings, or on their note taking sheets. The students will share the information and findings with each other through cooperative group work and discussions.

While the students will get more accomplished when they apply these strategies, teachers should give them plenty of opportunities for experimenting with these strategies. The students need to read and learn a lot from a wide selection of study materials, both nonfictional and fictional stories and texts such as newspapers, books, magazines, articles, and textbooks. Teaching reading comprehension strategies aim to gradually stimulate and develop increasingly and independently working capabilities and apply these strategies. Bear in mind, though, that students must really get a lot of practice, with plenty of feedback and guidance from their teacher, if they are to gain control over their personal thinking about, and dealing with, reading.

There are quite a few excellent sources available to support teachers when they’re working with students to develop their reading strategies. Great help is offered in books like ‘Strategies That Work’ (Stephanie Harvey & Anne Goudvis), and ‘Mosaic of Thought’ (Ellin Keene & Susan Zimmermann). These books are guiding teachers through all the required steps when they are teaching the six reading comprehension strategies. If teachers need to explain the strategies to adolescent readers, a pretty good help is ‘I Read It, but I Don’t Get It’ (Cris Tovani), and in the book ‘Classroom Strategies for Interactive Learning’ (Doug Buehl) you can find numerous popular activities that parents and teachers can use to make sure the students will be better learners and more effective readers.